What is exfoliation
Exfoliation is the action of removing dead skin cells or breaking something down into flakes or scales. The skin naturally performs this process approximately every 28 days, but as the skin ages, it slows down.
Then the dead cells remain on the surface and the new ones do not have room to grow, as a result, the skin takes on an ashy tone, a rough texture and blackheads appear.
The frequency of exfoliation will depend on the type of skin. If it is oily, it will be necessary to do it two or three times a week, while if it is dry, it will be enough to do it only once a week. The exfoliating scrub is applied on wet skin (avoiding sensitive areas) and gently massaged by hand or with the help of a waterproof scrubber; then rinse and apply moisturizing cream.
Recommendations for a good exfoliation
Exfoliate when we are taking a bath is better, since the skin is wet and it is easier to exfoliate.
Rub the body from bottom to top in a circular motion, with a normal sponge or a loofah (natural exfoliating sponge), especially on the shoulders, knees, arms and legs.
Pumice stones are used especially on the elbows, knees and soles of the feet.
You should not perform more than one exfoliation per week, as it weakens the skin and can irritate it.
The idea of exfoliating the skin of the face and body is to cleanse it of impurities and rejuvenate it, but it should be done gently to avoid skin irritation.
When the exfoliation is finished, wash normally and take advantage of the pores that are open and clean to apply a beauty mask.
Types of exfoliation
It is possible to exfoliate the skin mechanically and chemically:
Mechanical exfoliation: dermatological sandpaper, the action of a laser or the use of creams or gels. The objective is always the same: to remove, in one way or another, dead skin cells.
Chemical peeling, also called peeling: substances such as salicylic acid or phenol are used. This treatment, which must be carried out by a professional, improves the appearance of the skin and erases damage caused by scars, sun rays, acne, etc.
Natural and homemade exfoliants
Sugar: helps remove dead skin cells. Mix one part sugar with one part oil.
Honey: in this case it is more advisable to use honey that has been left with lumps from its original container.
Oatmeal: Mix ground oatmeal with honey and apply with gentle movements on the skin, leave on for 15 minutes before rinsing with warm water.
Salt: Sea salt lightly exfoliates by removing dead skin cells, improves circulation and softens the skin.
Walnuts: Walnuts have exfoliating properties and mixed with yogurt can leave skin clean and fresh.
The right exfoliator for your skin type according to specialists
It is important to use the right exfoliator for each skin type:
Dry skin: gentle exfoliants and the frequency with which it should be done is once a week.
Oily skin: exfoliants that penetrate the pores to clean them; it is recommended to exfoliate twice a week.
Sensitive skin: granules are not recommended.
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